Peretz Partensky via ( Flickr

I teach Virginia’s Concealed Handgun Permit course at least twice a week. In nearly every class I have a student who asks, “Why can’t I just fire a warning shot or shoot to wound the attacker?” 

Great question. 

Both concepts of warning shots and shooting to wound are problematic, not to mention illegal, and CHP holders need to be aware of the law and its consequences. 

For starters, here in the state of Virginia, Code 18.2-280 states that any willful discharge of a firearm in a public setting is at the very least a Class 1 Misdemeanor. If that discharge results in injury to another person, it becomes a Class 6 Felony. The same is true in most other states. 

The law basically concludes, and I agree, that your concealed handgun is meant to be a weapon of last resort. If you’re drawing your weapon at all, it means that you’ve exhausted all other options, and using your firearm is now the only way out of danger.  

If you had the time and mental capacity to fire a warning shot, you likely had the time and mental capacity to employ another means of defusing the situation — such as calling for help or moving to another location. The police will likely determine the same, and you’ll be placed under arrest for illegal discharge of a firearm. 

Shooting to wound is also ill-advised — primarily because just wounding them really isn’t your decision to make. Bullets and their trajectory can be very unpredictable — especially in an environment not meant for gunfire. 

Think of a quarterback throwing a football and a player on defense managing to reach up and touch the ball after it’s in motion. What happens? The redirected ball goes where the quarterback did not intend. The exact same thing happens to bullets. 

From a blade of grass to a human bone, anything can redirect a bullet’s trajectory and send it flying in dangerous, unpredictable directions. I’ve heard countless mind-blowing stories of soldiers getting shot in one place and the bullet exiting somewhere completely unexpected. 

I personally know an Iraqi War veteran who was shot in the shoulder and the bullet shattered his hip bone. That’s right – his HIP BONE. 

If you intend to just wound an attacker it may kill them regardless — or cause grievous, long-term injuries leaving you legally exposed. 

Bottom Line: If you’re not truly prepared to kill your attacker, don’t pull the trigger. Period. 

The opinions expressed by columnists are their own and do not necessarily represent the views of

Grace Boatright

Grace Boatright is a professional firearms safety instructor and second amendment advocate based in Alexandria, Virginia. A 7th-generation Texan, Grace has over 20 years of firearms experience and over 10 years of experience working in Washington D.C.’s government affairs community. She teaches firearms and range safety, concealed handgun permit, and skill improvement courses on a weekly basis to a diverse group of students, both adult and youth.

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Pissed Off American
Pissed Off American
3 months ago

I have had three different Police Officers tell me if I have to shoot, make sure to kill them.
Just because you shoot them doesn’t mean they will stop attacking you if they are on drugs, drunk or other stuff. Your trying to STOP the ATTACK, NOT play PC games with them. I have never understood why people are so afraid of killing someone that’s trying to kill or harm them? If it’s THEM or ME, I’m doing my best to make it’s them in the bag. Like a officer told me ” I would rather be judged by 12 instead of being carried by 6″. It’s a sorry situation that it’s come to this, but this is the real world of “WOKE”. With Democrap’s letting the crazies run wide while trying to get rid of police, prisons. It’s up to you to protect yourself regardless of color or anything else. The RACE Riots are BS is to make people afraid so Commie Joe can protect you. Protect yourself!

3 months ago

Michigan’s “castle” law states that ANYWHERE you have a legal right to be, you can defend yourself (or others) with deadly force-if necessary-without the need to retreat.

Before this law, you had to RETREAT in your OWN HOUSE!!

Hal Dumas
Hal Dumas
3 months ago

Thank you for the very good advice.

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